Japanese Conjunctions! (接続詞)

When I write or speak Japanese, I always try to make sure that my sentences ‘flow’ well. By this, I mean using words like ‘therefore’ or ‘nevertheless’ to make my sentences sound more native. Not using these sort of words can make you sound a bit like a robot, I think! 🤖

Therefore, without further ado, I’m going to write a list of good Japanese connective/conjunctions to use in your future sentences! 👍🏻✨

  •  明くる日 (akuruhi): The following day.
  • 手短に (temijikani): To put it briefly
  • もうすぐ (mousugu): Shortly
  • 結局 (kekkyoku): After all
  • とにかく・ともかく(tonikaku or tomokaku): Anyway
  • でも (demo): But
  • 急に (kyuuni): Suddenly
  • 初めに (hajimeni): First of all
  • 最後に (saigoni): Lastly
  • そろそろ(sorosoro) Soon (My favourite!) 😍
  • それに (soreni) In addition to this
  • つまり (tsumari): In other words
  • そして (soshite): And then
  • もともと(motomoto): Originally
  • それでわ (soredewa): Therefore
  • しかし (shikashi): However
  • にもかかわらず (nimokakawarazu): In spite of
  • ついに (tsuini): Finally
  • 言えば (ieba): Speaking of
  • 実は (jitsuwa): The truth is
  • 大まかに言って (oomakani itte): Broadly speaking
  • それなら (sorenara): In that case

And… there you have it! ^^ Hope you learnt something!

Also good luck to any one who’s suffering from exams (like me >.<) ☘️ また今度(See you next time!) 👋🏻
🌸Sakura Student🌸


Sakura Student’s Japanese Lesson (3): Koto ni naru, koto ni suru, you ni naru, you ni suru! ^^

Well…. I understand completely if reading this title gave you a migraine because it sounds like a Japanese tongue twister! But please do not despair! These grammar rules are actually not as difficult as they appear, once you understand the differences that is 😉 So, w/o further ado, I will outline these grammar points and give you some examples to help you use them in practise ❤

1) Koto ni naru & koto ni suru (ことになる+ことにする)

Both ‘Koto ni naru’ and ‘koto ni suru’ can be roughly translated as ‘to decide’. However, the difference between the two is that ‘koto ni naru’ sounds more official and less personal than ‘koto ni suru’.

Also whenever, these two grammar points are used, they must follow the plain form of the verb used in the sentence. For instance, 買いますー>買う(koto ni naru/koto ni suru).

For example: ‘My parents have decided that I will go to Japan’=私の両親が日本に来ることになっている。Note that the present continuous form is used in this case, as the decision is still ongoing. vs/ ‘I have decided to participate’=はい、にさんかすることにしました。Do you see the difference? 🙂 The thing  below will also help with what tense to use ‘koto ni naru’ & ‘koto ni suru’. 

Koto ni narimasu: To hear the rumour of a decision. Koto ni narimashita: The decision has been officially announced. Koto ni natteimasu: The process/ongoing of a decision. Koto ni natteimashita: A decision that was made but has now been changed.

And let’s do the same for ‘koto ni suru’:

Koto ni shimasu: A new decision. Koto ni shimashita: Something someone decided to do. Koto ni shiteimasu: The decision someone made is still in effect.

やった!You’re halfway through so have an inspirational pic on the house, to help keep you motivated!

Pikachu 2

^ You’re mind being blown from all the powerful Japanese you’re learning!

2) You ni naru & you ni suru (ようになる+ようにする

You ni naru‘ is used to describe when something or someone has changed their behaviour. I.e. Something you couldn’t do before, but can now do. For example ‘I can now speak Japanese’=私は今、日本語が話せるようになりますSame as before, I will show how tense/meaning can affect how ‘you ni naru‘ is used. 

You ni narimashita‘: Can mean that there is a gradual change. For example, you may slowly stop coming to class. If the change is more abrupt, this is a different grammar point entirely, which I will not be delving into today!

You ni suru‘, roughly means ‘to try‘. For example, if I want to say ‘From tomorrow, I will try to come’=明日から、毎日来るようにします

And there you have it! I hope this helped you improve your Japanese (if only a tiny bit) 😀 I hope to do more lessons like this in the future, as it also helps me consolidate my Japanese revision. Anyway, hoped you enjoyed learning these grammar points!


🌸Sakura Student🌸

Japanese Lesson (2): Passive, Causative and Causative Passive

Confused taiga

So far (aside from Relative Clauses), one of the most difficult grammar points of Japanese, is the Passive, Causative and Causative Passive form! Even the name sounds horrible, doesn’t it :’D Anyway, I’m going to teach you how to conjugate and use this form to make your Japanese sound even more natural and native! 

1) The Passive Form

The passive form is known as the ‘passive voice’ in English and is used to describe when something is done to you. For example, ‘I was punched’/ (the action of being punched was done to me). To conjugate this verb, you must follow the grammar rules for each Group:

Group 1: When conjugating Group 1 verbs into the passive form, you must use the ‘nai’ form, but add ‘reru’ instead of ‘nai’.

For example: 飲む(nomu) ‘to drink’->飲まない(nomanai) ‘to not drink’->then add ‘reru’ 飲まれる(nomareru) ‘it was drunk’. E.g. The water was drunk by Mariko: まりこーさん水を飲まられました。(Mariko-san ni mizu wo nomararemashita). Note, the particle ‘ni’ is used to describe the person or verb, to which the action is done to. If there are two people in the sentence, then both particles ‘wa’ and ‘ni are used’. For example, ‘Takashi san was requested by his mother to do the shopping’: たかしーさんはお母さんに買い物をたのまれました。Takashi is the topic of the sentence so ‘wa’ is used in this example. 

Group 2: Just use the stem of the verb and add ‘rareru’. For example, ‘食べる->食べ->食べられる。

For example: The chocolate was eaten by Emma エマーさんにチョコレートをたべられました。

Group 3: The irregular verbs conjugate as follows… する(される)and 来る(来られる)

2) The Causative Form

The Causative Form is used to describe when an action is forced upon you or someone/something else. To conjugate it is as follows…

Group 1: Use the ‘nai’ form, but add せるinstead of ない。Group 2: Use the stem form of the verb and add ‘させるGroup 3: する(させる)and 来る(来させる)。

Examples: The coach made the student run 10 kilometres: ‘コーチは学生を10キロ走らせました。Even though the child didn’t want to go to school, her mother made her go to school: ‘子供は学校に行きたくないのに、お母さんは子供を学校にいかせました。The teacher gets the students to learn a lot of kanji every day: 先生は毎日学生に漢字をたくさん勉強させています。

Note: The Causative Form can also be used for when someone ‘lets’ you do something else. For example, the coach let the student rest ‘コーチは学生に休ませました

3) The Causative Passive Form

The Causative Passive Form is basically just Causative, in the passive voice (SHOCKING, I know xD). So instead of saying ‘My mum forced me to do my homework’, it turns into ‘I was forced into doing my homework by my mum’. Slightly confusing, I know but bear with! 😀 The Causative Passive Form is conjugated as follows…

Group 1: Use the ‘nai’ form, but knock off the nai and add ‘される‘, so 飲む becomes 飲まない and then 飲まされる。Group 2: Use the steam and add ‘させられるFinally, for Group 3, する turns into させられるand 来るturns into 来させられる。

Examples: Takashi’s parents made him come back home by 5pm every day: たかしーさんのご両親は毎日たかしーさんを5時までに家に帰らせました。

So yeah…. (AND BREATHEEEE)! 😀 You now know the foundation of the Passive, Causative and Causative-Passive of all these forms, well done! Obviously, this will take a lot of practise so just try and make your own sentences using a variety of verbs and this should cement your knowledge!


🌸Sakura Student🌸

Sakura Student’s Japanese Lesson (1): How to say ‘when’! :D

I wanted to start making Japanese lesson blog posts as I think it’ll help me consolidate things I’ve learnt (+ hopefully help anyone out there who stumbles upon my blog :3). I’d recommend having already learnt Hiragana and Katakana as this will make my examples far easier to understand! 頑張って下さい!

Happy Konata.jpg

In Japanese, there are numerous ways to say ‘when’ depending on the context. However, I’m going to start with the most general way to express it. That word is……. *drum roll please*….

  1.  ‘とき’  🙂

When you use the term ‘とき’, it’s used to describe a period of time when something has occurred. For example:

I broke my leg when I was playing football yesterday: 私はきのうサッカーをしているとき、足をおりました。Note: You can use とき with any present continuous (している)verb apart from はいる(入る)とき as this is grammatically incorrect.

The way you conjugate とき also depends on the action taking place. For example, if I said:

i) ‘I saw a cat when I was returning home’: 私は家に帰るとき、ネコを見ました。Because you haven’t arrived home yet/the action isn’t complete, you must use the the plain form of the verb in the present tense.


ii) ‘I saw a cat when I’d returned home’: 私は家に帰ったとき、ネコを見ました。Because you’ve already arrived home/the action is complete, you must use the plain form of the verb in the past tense.

You can also use とき after adjectives and nouns! 

E.g. When I was a child… 私は子供のとき。。。

When you’re free: ひまなとき。。。

To reiterate, the conjugation is as follows…

  1. Verb (dic.form) + とき
  2. Verb (nai form) + とき
  3. Verb (ta form) + とき
  4. I adjective + とき
  5. Na adjective + なとき
  6. Noun + のとき

Examples in practise:

> When I ate some sashimi for the first time, I thought that it was delicious: 私は初めてさしみを食べたとき、美味しいと思いました。

>When you are driving a car you shouldn’t use your mobile phone: 車を運転しているとき、けいたい電話を使わないほうがいいです。

I’ve lost my wallet. I think I lost it when I was running in the park: 私のさいふをなくりました。公園で走っているとき、なくしたと思います。

Hooray, you’ve learnt the basics! Practise this and you’ll be a master using ’とき’ in no time! 😀 However, there are other ways to say ‘when’ in Japanese…

Angry himouto chan

 ^An accurate representation of my face when I learnt this.

I’ll probably make another blog post to explain the others; but for now, I hope this post was informative and you’re one step closer to mastering 日本語!^^

– Sakura Student 

Gudetama 🍳💤

Gudetama is Sanrio’s greatest creation (imo 😏) and what’s not to love about him? He’s lazy (#relatable 🙋🏻) and he’s an an anthropomorphic egg. Enough said.

The term Gudetama is derived from Gude ‘ぐで’ which is onomatopoeia in Japanese for something or someone lacking energy and Tama ‘たま’ which comes from the word Tamago ‘たまご’ meaning egg. So Gudetama is quite literally a lazy egg 🍳!

I’ve been obsessed for Gudetama for quite a while which is evident by looking at some of my recent purchases…

I even had some Gudetama socks which I have worn so much that they now have huge holes in them 😱 I loved them too much 😥

There is also an animated series of Gudetama which you can see below! They’re super short but really funny and useful for Japanese 👍🏻


I hope you have a wonderful day wherever you are! (^_^)

🌸Sakura Student🌸

My Survival Guide to Kanji (⌒▽⌒)

One of the biggest challenges of learning Japanese is definitely the infamous and dreadedKanji! 😱

IMG_5222 I could talk for ages about how many hours (days and weeks would probably be more accurate) I have spent revising Kanji and don’t even get me started on the various Onyomi and Kunyomi readings (HINT: they’re a pain in the butt!! 🍑). However, I have been learning Kanji for a year and thought I’d share some of my revision techniques for anyone who’s interested! 😀

1) Invest in some Kanji books 📚


This is by far my favourite series of Kanji Book! It gives you a set amount of Kanji to memorise per week and there are lots of exercises to help consolidate what you’ve learnt. They are quite pricey but are worth it in my opinion!

2) Write Kanji everywhere!


If you have Kanji written everywhere you look, you won’t be able to forget it! I like writing Kanji on my hand (as you can plainly see xD) but there are many other ways to do this. One of my friend’s flat at Uni is covered in Japanese post-it notes and she’s a whizz at Japanese so maybe it’s the key to success!

3) Write sentences out in Japanese using the Kanji you’ve learnt!

I must confess, I don’t do this as much as I should which is quite lazy on my part 😅 but it really helps you actively remember Kanji instead of passively writing them out on a piece of paper.

4) Practise makes perfect! ^^

Basically, the more work and revision you do, the more Kanji you will remember so don’t forget to work hard 💪🏻 There’s no magical way to easily learn Kanji but these are just a few of my fave ways to remember them so I hope I’ve helped or given you a few ideas! 😄


🌸 Sakura Student 🌸

My Tonsillectomy Experience

Sad Sailor Moon

Before my surgery, I’d suffered from Tonsillitis every few months and I’d be in so much pain that I’d be crying myself to sleep 😥 Since I’m going to Japan next year, I didn’t want this to be another problem to deal with and the longer you leave a Tonsillectomy, the more painful it is so I thought now would be the perfect time!

I’ll be honest… this surgery is PAINFUL! D: But now that I’m over the worse, it’s totally worth it so I do recommend it. I’ll give a day by day experience of my first 10 days (it’s Day 10 as I write this) so anyone thinking about this surgery will have a better idea on what they’re getting into.

Surgery Day: The surgery lasted roughly 30 mins and I spent the rest of the day feeling very dozy so spent most of the day sleeping, which students need a lot of, so I wasn’t complaining! Also, I couldn’t use the toilet (no. 1 xD) for a few days so don’t worry if this happens to you, it’s just a side effect of the surgery!

Days 1: The pain medication was still working so I wasn’t in agony but I couldn’t talk and my throat felt very thick and I could already see scabs forming at the back of my throat. In my hospital, they made me eat a croissant before I went home because apparently eating solids helps a sore throat??? Needless to say I cried a few times.

Days 2-4: PAIN, PAIN, PAIN! These are by far the worst days and once you get over this it will get better, I promise! You will most likely not be able to talk and eat anything other than soup and mash. Drinking water hurts and you’ll have lots of pleghm which you won’t want to swallow (so you might want a spit cup). This isn’t pleasant, I know, but it helped me a lot. The scabs also start to form during this time so your throat, if you look inside, will be yellow and thick. This is normal, so don’t worry! Make sure to take paracetamol to ease the pain. There is also a risk of bleeding during this time. This didn’t happen to me but if you do get bleeding, go to the hospital right away.

Day 5-6: Mornings are always the worse so make sure you drink plenty of water before you go to sleep to keep yourself hydrated so your throat doesn’t dry out. Still painful but slightly less so than days 2-4. Nothing else has really changed at this point.

Day 7-9: My scabs started to come off during this time and although I didn’t feel any extreme pain, my throat had more of a burning/bruised sensation when I tried to drink or eat anything. Still uncomfortable and sleeping is a bit difficult, but I felt over the worse and was slowly getting better each day. I could also speak a little bit (albeit very hoarsely) which was a relief as I love to yak!

Day 10: Still discomfort when I eat/drink but I feel a zillion times better! 😀 Since I haven’t been able to go outside because of the risk of infection, my parents bought me a cake and some other soft treats to have now that I’m on the up. I can’t wait to go outside because I’m tired of being cooped up in the house. Nevertheless, I’m glad the worse is over and can’t wait to eat pizzas and other glorious foods soon!

My Tips:

  • I ate tea and biscuits (Day 6 onwards) for breakfast and this honestly was a lifesaver as it gave me the energy and hydration that I needed!
  • Mashed potatoes are beautiful.
  • Try to take your mind off the pain by watching movies, Netflix or playing games as you’ll focus on this pain if you don’t keep your mind busy!
  • Feeling nauseous or dizzy for the first few days is normal as you won’t be getting the right nutrients for your body and you’ll be weak as a result.
  • Listen to your body! If you’re thirsty, drink, no matter how much it hurts!
  • Time heals all wounds and no matter what pain you’re going through, I promise it will all be worth it so stay strong!! :3



The Beginning

🌸 Hey everyone, I’m Emiriko and welcome to my blog! 🌸

After reading Marzias Bisognin’s (Cutiepiemarzia’s) blog for some time, I thought it would be fun to start my own 🙂

I’m starting university soon to study Japanese Studies and History with a Year Abroad so I thought that now would be a good time to document all my Uni adventures! As you can probably wager from my degree, I love everything about Japan and I think my recently purchased stationary reflects this…


And my phone case (too name a few!!)…

Gudetama 🍳

I’m slightly obsessed 🙈

So if you’re just passing by, I hope you enjoy reading my blog and have a wonderful day \(^o^)/

~ Emiriko ~